Herzwochen - Ein umfangreicher Blick auf Herzprobleme und Prävention

Heart Weeks - A comprehensive look at heart problems and prevention

Nov 01, 2023Redaktion blueantox

The German Heart Foundation is organizing Heart Week from November 1 to 30, 2023, an initiative aimed at raising awareness of heart health and supporting people in protecting and strengthening their hearts.

In this article, we will take a closer look at heart problems, including common heart problems, their causes, prevention, and treatment options.

Common heart problems:

  1. Coronary artery disease (CAD): CAD occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries that supply oxygen to the heart muscle. This restricts blood flow to the heart, which can lead to angina (chest pain) or even a heart attack.

  2. Heart failure: This condition is when the heart is unable to pump enough blood to supply the body. This can be caused by various reasons such as high blood pressure, myocarditis or coronary artery disease.

  3. Heart valve disease: This is a problem with the heart valves that regulate blood flow in the heart chambers. Heart valves can be leaky (insufficient) or narrowed (stenosis), thereby hindering normal blood flow.

  4. Arrhythmias: These refer to abnormal heart rhythms in which the heart beats too fast, too slow, or irregularly. Arrhythmias can be caused by various factors such as genetic predisposition, high blood pressure, or heart damage.

Causes of heart problems: Heart problems can be influenced by various factors. The main causes include:

  • Unhealthy diet: A diet rich in saturated fats, trans fats, salt and sugar can increase the risk of heart problems.
  • Lack of exercise: A sedentary lifestyle and lack of physical activity can lead to obesity, high blood pressure and other risk factors.
  • Smoking: Smoking cigarettes significantly increases the risk of heart disease.
  • High blood pressure: Uncontrolled high blood pressure can put strain on the heart and increase the risk of heart problems.
  • Diabetes: People with diabetes have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Stress: Chronic stress can increase the risk of heart problems.

Active measures to strengthen the heart: There are several steps we can take to strengthen our heart and reduce the risk of heart problems:

  • Regular physical activity: Regular exercise, such as aerobics, strength training or yoga, can strengthen the cardiovascular system.
  • Healthy diet: A balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins and healthy fats can help protect the heart.
  • Don’t smoke: Quitting smoking is one of the most important steps to improving heart health.
  • Stress management: Techniques such as meditation, breathing exercises and taking time for relaxation can help reduce stress and reduce the risk of heart problems.
  • Weight control: Maintaining or achieving a healthy body weight can reduce the risk of heart problems.

Treatment after myocarditis or vaccination:

After myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle) due to infection or vaccination, appropriate medical care is crucial. The treating physician will recommend an individualized treatment strategy based on the patient's specific needs. This may include anti-inflammatory medications, rest, hydration, symptomatic therapies, or in severe cases, hospitalization.

It is important to follow the recommendations of a doctor, therapist or professional and to get sufficient rest before returning to normal activities.


The German Heart Foundation's Heart Weeks offer a valuable opportunity to raise awareness of heart health and provide important information about heart problems, prevention and treatment options. By living a healthy lifestyle, exercising regularly, eating a balanced diet and paying attention to stress management, we can actively contribute to protecting our hearts and improving our overall health.

If heart problems occur, it is always advisable to consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment options.

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